Gingivitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end — if not properly treated — with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.Â Periodontal disease is the main cause of tooth loss in adults over the age of 35.Â Supporting tissues need to be healthy for teeth to last a lifetime.Â
Home care should include a proper diet, brushing and flossing after meals.Â As food remains on or between teeth and the acids formed etch the teeth.Â This shows up first as a white or other discoloration and eventually leads to decay.Â Bacteria forms in the inflamed area or pockets and is the cause of bad breath and eventually gum disease.Â As the gums become irritated from bacteria they become inflamed and receed from the teeth.Â
In extreme cases this leads to the loss of bone support and lose or lost teeth.Â
At early stages gum problems can often be reversed.Â This is accomplished by having the teeth professionally cleaned and polished at the dental office.Â Â
Cleanings twice a year is what is needed for health maintenance of the average person.Â Advanced periodontal disease can be treated with surgery and bone grafting.Â After the disease is taken care of artificial powdered bone can be placed around the teeth to build up and support the teeth and jaw bone.
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